For many dynamics, empires, kingdoms, and governments, India has been a home and a battleground. In the country, each one left its mark. The remnants of historical monuments of the time remind us of the experience and influence of our culture. The historical events have been affected.
You need to visit or revisit the top 20 historical monuments in India to understand the events better and know our Bharat.
Taj Mahal – Agra :
Taj Mahal is an absolute highpoint in Mughal art, built by emperor Shah Jahan of Mughal in memory of his beloved King Mumtaz. The Pride of India and one of seven wonders in the world. This lovely monument to white marble is located at the Yamuna River banks, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the town of Agra. It combines Mughal, Persian, Turkish, and Indian architectural elements. Because of this historical love monument, Agra City was also the place most frequented by foreigners in India.
Red Fort – Delhi :
Red Fort is one of India’s most renowned monuments and one of the old Delhi’s most visited. In 2007, this historic fort became part of the Red Fort Complex and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Location. Built-in 1639, it remained almost two hundred years’ home to emperors of the Mughal dynasty until 1857. It was built in the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan as the Palace of his fenced capital, Shahjahanabad. It was the ceremonial and political center of the Mughal state and the location for events that had a crucial impact on the region and housing the emperors and their households.
It is the red sandstone and octagonal, with the North-South axis being longer than its East-West axis. The Red Fort is named after it. The later Mughal architecture is shown in marble, floral décor, and double domes of the fort’s buildings. The decoration is high, and the Kohinoor diamond was allegedly part of the décor. The fortification artwork was a combination of Persian, European, and Indian art that led to an original form, expression, and colorful Shahjahan style.
Qutub Minar – Delhi :
Qutub Minar is a minaret of the Qutub complex in the Mehrauli region of Delhi, India, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Qutub Minar is a tapering tower of 240 pieds tall, made of red sandstone and marble with a diameter of 47 pieds at the top, reduced to 9 pieces. There is a 379-step spiral staircase. The Qutab Minar was created by Qutb-ud-din Aibak, the first ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, along with the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque at the bottom of the tower around 1192. The Minar is surrounded by several monuments of the Qutb complex, historically important.
The much older Delhi Iron Pillar exists in addition to a Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, which is supposedly the first mosque in India built and built simultaneously with the Minar.
The minar is less than sixty-five centimeters from the vertical, which is considered safe, but experts have stated that monitoring is necessary.
Hawa Mahal – Jaipur :
The Palace of Hawa Mahal or “The Palace of the Winds” is a palace located in Jaipur, India, so named a high screen wall that the royal household’s wives could observe streets from outside unseen.
The Hawa Mahal or the Palace Of Wind, built of red and pink sandstone, is located on the City Palace’s outskirts and extends to the Zenana or the Chambers of women. Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh built the building in 1799. It was designed in the form of Krishna’s crown, the Hindu God, by Lal Chand Ustad. It has five stories, and its unique exterior is similar to the wave of a colt with its ninety-three-three small windows, known as jharokhas. The lattice originally intended to allow royal dams, as they must obey strict “purdah” (side cover), to observe their daily life on the street below without being seen.
The grill also allows cool air (doctor breeze) from the Venturi effect through the complex pattern. The entire area is air-conditioned during high summer temperatures. Especially striking is the golden light of sunrise when viewed early in the morning. The business sector has lent its share of preserving JAIPUR’s historical monuments, and the Indian Unit Trust has taken over the Hawa Mahal.
Ajanta Caves – Aurangabad :
Declared UNESCO World Heritage Site, Aurangabad’s greatest cave temples in Maharashtra, India, and a monument under the Indian Archeological Survey. The Ajanta Caves is also a UNESCO protected monument. These caves were built in two phases from the 2nd century BC to the 6th century AD, a 30 cave string. As with the other Buddhist ancient monasteries, Ajanta had a great emphasis on teaching and was divided into various caves, in central direction, to live, learn, and worship. Probably, monks were destined for certain cave residences. The layout mirrors this organization, with most of the caves only connected outside.
The main attraction in these caves is old paintings and sculptures that are regarded as masterpieces worldwide. These paintings illustrate different events in Buddha’s life and are particularly expressive paintings that present emotion in their gestures, poses, and forms. According to texts, such caves have been used as a monsoon retreat in ancient India for monks and traders. Ajanta is Maharashtra’s main tourist site with Ellora Caves.
Gateway of India – Mumbai :
India’s Gateway was built in Mumbai in the 20th century and is another monument most visited in India. In 1911 it was built to commemorate Apollo Bunder’s landing of King George V and King Mary, and it has been a symbol of inseparable history for the city of Mumbai and the country. This audacious basalt ark that symbolizes colonial victory is now one of Mumbai’s favorite tourist attractions. It was later used for the Viceroys and Bombay’s new Governors as a symbolic ceremonial entry to India.
This historic monument overlooks the majestic Arab Sea and is set in a perfectly picturesque spot. This monument’s main portal is located on the road to Apollon Bunder, with a magnificent view of the sea. The Indian Passway has five jetties that take you to the caves of Elephanta or Alibaug. A trip on one of them is a must-visit, as when the jetty rides away from the Gateway, the magnificent structure overlooking the sea can indeed be experienced.
Mysore Palace – Mysore :
One of the most magnificent South Indian buildings is Mysore Palace, a historical palace in Mysore in Karnataka. This is certainly an absolute must if it is lit on Sundays, public holidays, and Dussehra occasions. With its spacious halls, beautiful paintings, and architectural magnificence, the Palace’s interior is equally exquisite. Inspired by the Indo-Saracen style, the architecture is a blend of Hindu, Muslim, Gothic architecture and Rajput architecture.
Charminar – Hyderabad :
Built-in 1591 and housed in Hyderabad, India, the Charminar is a monument and mosque. The site is now a worldwide icon for Hyderabad, one of India’s most recognized structures. It is on the eastern bank of the River Musi. The official “List of Monuments” prepared by India’s archaeological survey is listed as an archaeological and architectural treasure. The name of the English translates into “Four Pillars,” a combined wording of Urdu chār and minar, the towers are adorned minarets with four great archways.
Basilica of Bom Jesus – Goa :
The basilica contains St. Francis Xavier’s deadly remnants. The Jesuits’ church is the first small basilica of India and is considered one of India’s finest baroque buildings.
Cellular Jail – Andaman And Nicobar Islands:
The Cellular Jail was a colonial prison on the Andaman Islands and in Nicobar Island, India, and was also known as Kala Pani. Testifies to the inhuman torture carried on our courageous fighters by Cellular Jail or “Kala Pani.”
The most convenient way to learn about your history is by visiting or learning about the ergo monuments that we have designed in India’s ten oldest monuments. Not only picturesque, but they also have a powerful royal story that shows how the culture of our country is deeply rooted in monuments.